A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.
796,096 square kilometres
South Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
Total 7,266 km (Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 580 km, India 2,240 km, Iran 909 km).
Mostly hot, dry desert, temperate in northwest; arctic in north.
Flat Indus plain in east, mountains in north and northwest, Balochistan plateau in west and desert
Lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m, Highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin Austin - 8611 meters)
14th August 1947
(from Great Britain)
4 provinces (Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, Balochistan)
Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT)
Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
Disputed Jammu & Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas
Islam 97%, Christianity, Sikhism, Hinduism, and others 3%
National language: Urdu
Official languages: Urdu and English
Regional Languages: Sindhi, Pushto, Punjabi and Balochi